War with the new Caesar
One day, king Noshirwan received the news of the death of the Roman Caesar. Immediately he sent an ambassador to the Caesar’s son offering him condolences and wishing him success as the new Caesar. He also mentioned that he had asked for prayer that prophet Christ’s blessings be with him, and assured him of military help, if he may need it.
The new Caesar, however, did not treat the ambassador with due respect. In his reply he stated that he did not need the Iranian king’s sympathy. He further stated that he suspected that the sympathy was false and was expressed so that the payment of taxes may continue as before.
When king Nosherwan received the reply, he was very unhappy. He vowed to avenge this insult and never to support the Romans again. He immediately set up an army and attacked Rome. When the Caesar came to know of this he also sent an army. The two armies met near Sakila (Syria) at the fort of Aleppo. The Iranian army captured the fort in no time. Thirty thousand Roman soldiers were captured. As king Nosherwan went to the battle ground to inspect it, he got the message that the ambassador of the Roman Caesar along with forty Roman philosophers had come to see him. The wise men apologized to the king about the immature behaviour of their Caesar. They agreed to pay him as much tax as he wanted. King Nosherwan ended the war and returned to Ctesiphon.
Nosherwan’s lasting legacy : Tāq-i-Kasrā / Aywān-i-Kasra
The Tāq-i-Kasrā also known as Aywān-i-Kasra, is a majestic palace built by Noshirwan around 540 CE. It is the only surviving remains of the Sasanian majesty in Ctesiphon, now near Baghdad. The arched aywān hall, open on the front side, and the throne room behind the arch are almost 100 feet high.
Today, the main portico of the audience hall, is all that is left of the structure. It is known as the Arch of Ctesiphon, and is the largest single-span free-standing arch/vault of unreinforced bricks in the world. It is considered one of the Wonders of the World, in Iraq.
The king looks for an heir
When the king was seventy four years old, he realized that it was the due to select an heir. He had six sons, of which Hormazd was the eldest.
He called his wise men and asked, “O Wise ones! I depend on you to secretly find out if Hormazd is fit enough to be the next king, and would he be kind and compassionate towards his subjects?” The wise men started investigating in earnest and reported every activity of Hormazd to the king.
Then the king called upon his council of ministers, headed by Buzorg-meher, to test the prince. Several philosophical and practical questions were asked to which the prince gave satisfactory replies, and he was chosen as the successor to his father. In his last will and testament, king Nosherwan declared his decision to give the crown and the throne to prince Hormazd. He gave admonitions to the prince which would help him run the empire. Then, the king gave an elaborate description as to how he should be consigned to the Dakhma, how his body should be prepared for the final journey.
Dreams about Prophet Mohammad
King Noshirwan spent his days in seclusion and prayers. About a year after his declaration of his heir, he had a dream as he slept after his night prayers. In the dream, he saw a brilliantly shining child come out at night and happily climb a very tall staircase having forty steps, which was nearby. When he reached the top, his brightness lighted up the whole world, except the palace of the king.
In the morning, a startled Nosherwan woke up and narrated the dream to Buzorg-meher. After pondering for some time, the wise sage said, “O great king!There is deep meaning underlying the dream. After about forty years, a man will emerge from among the Arabs, who will cause great disruption among the Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians. The entire Iranian empire will be shaken. This man will be remembered for centuries.
The next night he dreamt that his entire palace came crashing down on him, amidst shouts “The emperor’s palace has crumbled down.” Startled, the king got up and immediately called Buzorg-meher. On narrating the dream, he was told that it conveyed that the child he saw in his dream had already been born.
After a few days, king Noshirwan king passed away after a long and illustrious reign of forty eight years. Buzorg-meher grieved for a long time after his king’s death. His body was prepared for the final journey, and he was consigned to the Dakhma, as per the instructions given by him when he had handed over the throne to his eldest son Hormazd IV.
5 thoughts on “SSS 21. King Khushru / Cosroe I, Nosherwan Ādel (531-579) (Part 7 – last)”
Great to learn History.
I missed first 6 issues.
How can I get it?
Please email me if you can!
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Thanks it will be highly appreciated.
Dear Darayus, All the previous issues are on the website itself. Please check there.
Respected Ervad Ramyar Karanjia, A sincere Thanks for sharing your knowledge and providing explanations of prayers and rituals so we who are far from the Indian diaspora can access and learn. Thank you Very Much.
Dear Er. Ramyar Karanjia Sir,
Could you kindly include or even point me to brief article on Mount Erezifya, on which Kay kaus, son of kaikobad prayed to Pure, Brave Ardvi Sura Anahita (as per Karda XII of Ava Ardvi Sur Yasht) – To become the greatest ruler of all countries (and rule over all) daevas, wicked men, sorcerers and witches, tyrants and kavis and karapans. This Boon was ultimated granted by Pure, Brave Ardvi Sura Anahita!
I tried searching this Portal but wasn’t successful in the same.
Many Thanks !
Dear Mr. Pervez Bharucha,
Mt. Erezifya is the name of a mountain which occurs in the Avasn Yasht where king Kae Kaus venerated Avan Aredvisur Yazad. Much else is not known about the mountain. Zamyad Yasht I.2 states that it is one of the three mountains that rose up from Zeredhaza, along with Ushi-dhā and Ushi-darena. Barnouf, Darmesteter and Justi regard it as Mount Sarafi near Margiana and Ariana. Harley considers it as a mountain in Bactria.