What is a Nahan? TMY – Jame Jamshed of 9-10-16.

  1. The Nahan ritual is the second level of Zoroastrian purification. The term Nahan comes from the Sanskrit word Snān which means “bath.” It is given at particular times, like before Navjot, Wedding, to the widow of a deceased before the Uthamna and 40 days after child birth.
  2. The Nahan is given by a priest, who in the past was expected to be the holder of the power (amal) of a Bareshnum.
  3. The nahan starts with the performance of Kasti, after which the priest makes the person recite the Baj for food. After this a few pomegranate leaves are given for chewing and any residue if at all is to be spit out. Then a few drops of the Nirang are thrice sipped while mentally reciting the line In khurram in pāki-e-tan, yaozdathri-e-ravān rā which means “I drink this for cleansing my body and purifying my soul.”
  4. Then the person is made to recite the Baj for bathing. A spoonful of taro is given which the person is asked to apply on the body and allowed to dry. After that a regular bath is taken, after which the person puts on clean clothes, places the Kasti over the shoulders and comes to the priest. The priest makes the person complete the Baj prayers. The ritual ends with the performance of Kasti and recitation of the Patet Pashemani prayer.


What is the Chinwad Pul (bridge) TMY – Jame Jamshed of 2-10-16

What and where is the Chinwad Pul (bridge)?

  1. The Chinwad Pul (Bridge) or “the Bridge of Separation” is an allegorical bridge. It actually indicates the connecting space which links the material world to the spiritual world. It is supposed to start on the earth from the summit of the Alburz mountains located at the centre point of the world, from which souls cross over to the other world on the fourth day after death, to begin their afterlife journey.
  2. The Chinwad bridge is described as a beam which is broad on one side, and sharp narrow on the other. The souls of the righteous cross the bridge without difficulty from the broad, side, but for the souls of the wicked, the beam rolls over to its sharp side and from there they plunge to hell below.
  3. The Judgement of the soul takes place before the Chinwad bridge. Thereafter the soul’s collective actions (Kerdār or Daenā) appears before it in the form of a young woman. She comes in the form of a beautiful woman and escorts the souls of the righteous across the bridge to heaven. However for the souls of the evil ones, it comes in the form of a wicked hag and drags the unwilling soul down into the dark hell.

4. On the other side of the bridge, the righteous souls first encounter Bahman Ameshaspand, who rises from his golden throne and addresses it. After this the soul proceeds to its station in heaven.